Sunday, August 16, 2015
Necessary Nutrients - Macro and Micro
Our bodies require two types of nutrients; macro and micronutrients.
Macronutrients are protiens, carbohydrates, and fats. "Proteins are fundamental components of all living cells and include many substances, such as enzymes, hormones, and antibodies, that are necessary for the proper functioning of an organism" (Unicef, Macronutrients and Micronutrients). Proteins can be obtained from eating meat, fish, eggs, and milk. Carbohydrates serve as energy sources and can be obtained from eating foods that contain starch, sugar, and fiber (American Diabetes Association, Types of Carbohydrates). Fats are organic compounds of glycerol and certain fatty acids and are obtained from meats, dairy products, and nuts (Unicef. Macronutrients and Micronutrients).
Micronutrients are minerals, vitamins, and trace elements. Vitamins include B's, C, D, E, and K. Minerals include calcium, sulfur, iron, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, and magnesium. Trace elements include chronium, cobalt, zinc, selenium, iodine, floride, maganese, silicon, boron, and copper (Unicef). These are needed together in small amounts for chemical reactions to occur for our body functions (Unicef).
American Diabetes Association. Types of Carbohydrates
Retreived from: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/understanding-carbohydrates/types-of-carbohydrates.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/
Unicef. Macronutrients and Micronutrients.
Retrieved from: http://www.unicef.org/nutrition/training